raspistill is the command line tool for capturing still photographs with the camera module.
Basic usage of raspistill
With the camera module connected and enabled, enter the following command in the Terminal to take a picture:
raspistill -o cam.jpg
In this example the camera has been positioned upside-down. If the camera is placed in this position, the image must be flipped to appear the right way up.
Vertical Flip & Horizontal Flip
With the camera placed upside-down, the image must be rotated 180° to be displayed correctly. The way to correct for this is to apply both a vertical and a horizontal flip by passing in the
raspistill -vf -hf -o cam2.jpg
Now the photo has been captured correctly.
The camera module takes pictures at a resolution of
2592 x 1944 which is 5,038,848 pixels or 5 megapixels.
A photo taken with the camera module will be around 2.4MB. This is about 425 photos per GB.
Taking 1 photo per minute would take up 1GB in about 7 hours. This is a rate of about 144MB per hour or 3.3GB per day.
You can create a Bash script which takes a picture with the camera. To create a script, open up your editor of choice and write the following example code:
#!/bin/bash DATE=$(date +"%Y-%m-%d_%H%M") raspistill -vf -hf -o /home/pi/camera/$DATE.jpg
This script will take a picture and name the file with a timestamp.
You’ll also need to make sure the path exists by creating the
Say we saved it as
camera.sh, we would first make the file executable:
chmod +x camera.sh
Then run with:
For a full list of possible options, run
raspistill with no arguments. To scroll, redirect stderr to stdout and pipe the output to
raspistill 2>&1 | less
Use the arrow keys to scroll and type
q to exit.
Full documentation of the camera can be found at hardware/camera.